Clinician Educator Milestones: Assessing and Improving Educators' Skills

John D Mahan, Joseph M Kaczmarczyk, Amy K Miller Juve, Tyler Cymet, Brijen J Shah, Rebecca Daniel, Laura Edgar

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The importance of the clinician educator (CE) role in the delivery of competency-based medical education is well-recognized. There is, however, no formal mechanism to identify when faculty have the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to be successful CEs. In 2020, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education, Association of American Medical Colleges, and American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine convened a workgroup of 18 individuals representing multiple medical specialties and diverse institutions in the United States, including nonphysician educators, a medical student, and a resident, to develop a set of competencies, subcompetencies, and milestones for CEs.A 5-step process was used to create the Clinician Educator Milestones (CEMs). In step 1, the workgroup developed an initial CEM draft. Through brainstorming, 141 potential education-related CE tasks were identified. Descriptive statements for each competency and developmental trajectories for each subcompetency were developed and confirmed by consensus. The workgroup then created a supplemental guide, assessment tools, and additional resources. In step 2, a diverse group of CEs were surveyed in 2021 and provided feedback on the CEMs. In step 3, this feedback was used by the workgroup to refine the CEMs. In step 4, the second draft of the CEMs was submitted for public comment and the CEMs were finalized. In step 5, the final CEMs were released for public use in 2022.The CEMs consist of 1 foundational domain that focuses on commitment to lifelong learning, 4 additional domains of competence for the CE in the learning environment, and 20 subcompetencies. These milestones have many potential uses for CEs, including self-assessment, constructing learning and improvement plans, and designing systematic faculty development efforts. The CEMs will continue to evolve as they are applied in practice and as the role of CEs continues to grow and develop.

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