Development of 3D DLP Printed Sustained Release Ibuprofen Tablets and Their Pharmacokinetic Evaluation in Rats.

Keb Mosley-Kellum, Arvind Bagde, Shawn Spencer, Satyanarayan Dev, Mandip Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of the present study was to develop digital light processing (DLP) 3D printed sustained release ibuprofen (IBU) tablets using 3D DLP printers for evaluation in in vitro release and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies with their in vitro-in vivo correlation. The resin formulation and printing parameters were optimized using quality by design (QbD) approach, and IBU tablets were printed using DLP printers which works at 385 and 405 nm wavelengths. Our results demonstrated that formulation consisting of polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA) 700, water, IBU, and riboflavin printed at 40-s bottom layer exposure time and 30-s exposure time produced tablets using both 385 and 405 nm wavelengths. In vitro dissolution studies showed > 70% drug release at the end of 24 h when printed at 405 nm wavelength with no significant difference between tablets printed at 385 nm. In vivo pharmacokinetic evaluation of the optimized 3D printed tablets printed at 405 nm at oral dose of 30 mg/kg in rats showed sustained release of IBU with significantly (p < 0.05) higher C max of 30.12 ± 2.45 µg/mL and AUC( 0-24 h ) of 318.97 ± 16.98 (µg/mL × h) compared to marketed IBU tablet (control). In vivo-in vitro correlation studies showed 80% of drug was absorbed in vivo within 3 h from the pulverized 3D printed tablet, whereas intact 3D tablet showed sustained release of IBU with > 75% IBU release in 24 h in vitro. Overall, IBU tablets fabricated using DLP printing demonstrated sustained release and enhanced systemic absorption with no significant difference in their release profile at different wavelengths.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalAAPS PharmSciTech
StatePublished - Mar 28 2023


  • Animals
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Drug Liberation
  • Ibuprofen
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Printing
  • Rats
  • Research Design
  • Tablets
  • Technology
  • Three-Dimensional


  • Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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