Mitochondria in cell senescence: A Friend or Foe?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Cell senescence denotes cell growth arrest in response to continuous replication or stresses damaging DNA or mitochondria. Mounting research suggests that cell senescence attributes to aging-associated failing organ function and diseases. Conversely, it participates in embryonic tissue maturation, wound healing, tissue regeneration, and tumor suppression. The acute or chronic properties and microenvironment may explain the double faces of senescence. Senescent cells display unique characteristics. In particular, its mitochondria become elongated with altered metabolomes and dynamics. Accordingly, mitochondria reform their function to produce more reactive oxygen species at the cost of low ATP production. Meanwhile, destructed mitochondrial unfolded protein responses further break the delicate proteostasis fostering mitochondrial dysfunction. Additionally, the release of mitochondrial damage-associated molecular patterns, mitochondrial Ca

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationAdvances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cellular Senescence
  • Mitochondria


  • Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Structural Biology

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